Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione

Politecnico di Milano

20133 Milano (Italy)

Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32

Prof. Franco Zappa

Phone     (+39) 02-2399.6149

Fax         (+39) 02-2367604

E-mail     zappa@elet.polimi.it

 

Single Photon Avalanche Diodes

            Active Quenching Circuits

                        Single Photon Counting Modules

 

 

SPIN-OFF

Via Stradivari 4, 39100 Bolzano (Italy)

http://www.micro-photon-devices.com

 

 

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Publications on SPAD and related matters

 

International refereed JOURNALS

 

J1

S. Cova, A. Longoni, and A. Andreoni:

"Towards picosecond resolution with single-photon avalanche diodes"

Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 408-412 (1981)

J2

S. Cova, A. Longoni,and G. Ripamonti:

"Active-Quenching and Gating Circuits for Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPADs)"

IEEE Trans. on Nucl. Sci. NS-29, 599-601, (1982)

(and presented to the IEEE-NSS 1981 Nuclear Science Symposium, S.Francisco,USA,Oct.21-23,1981)

J3

S. Cova, A. Longoni, A. Andreoni and R. Cubeddu:

"A Semiconductor Detector for Measuring Ultra-Weak Fluorescence Decays with 70 ps FWHM Resolution"

IEEE  J.Quantum El., QE-19, 630-634, (1983)

(JQE Special Issue on Picosecond Phenomena, April 1983)

J4

A. Andreoni, S. Cova, R. Cubeddu and A. Longoni:

"High Resolution Single-Photon Measurement of Fluorescent Decays with Solid-State Detectors and Synchronously Pumped Mode-Locked Lasers"

Applied Physics B28, 173-174 (1982)

(and Proc. 12th International Quantum Electronics Conference, Munich, W.Germany, June 22-25, 1982)

J5

G.Ripamonti and S.Cova:

"Carrier diffusion effects in the time-response of a fast photodiode".

Sol. State Electronics 28, 925-931 (1985)

J6

G.Ripamonti and S.Cova:

"Optical time-domain reflectometry with centimetre resolution at 10-15  W sensitivity".

Electron.Lett. 22, 818-819 (1986)

J7

S.Cova, G.Ripamonti and A.Lacaita:

"Avalanche semiconductor detector for single optical photons with a time resolution of 60 ps".

Nucl.Instr.Meth. A253, 482-487 (1987)

(and Proc. 4th European Symposium on Semiconductor Detectors, Munich, West Germany, March 3-5, 1986).

J8

C.G.Bethea, B.F.Levine, S.Cova, G.Ripamonti:

"High-resolution and high-sensitivity optical-time-domain reflectometer"

Opt.Lett. 13, 233-235 (1988)

J9

A.Lacaita, S.Cova, M.Ghioni:

"Four-hundred-picosecond single-photon timing with commercially available avalanche photodiodes"

Rev.Sci.Instrum. 59, 1115-1121 (1988)

J10

T.A.Louis, G.H.Schatz, P.Klein-Bolting, A.R.Holzwarth, G.Ripamonti, S.Cova:

"Performance comparison of a single-photon avalanche diode with a microchannel-plate photomultiplier in time-correlated single-photon counting"

Rev.Sci.Instrum. 59, 1148-1152 (1988)

J11

M.Ghioni, S.Cova, A.Lacaita, G.Ripamonti:

"New silicon epitaxial avalanche diode for single-photon timing at room temperature"

Electron.Lett. 24, 1476-1477 (1988)

J12

A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni, S.Cova:

"Ultrafast single-photon detector with double epitaxial structure for minimum carrier diffusion effects"

Journal de Physique 49-C4 , 633-636 (1988)

(and Proc. 18th European Solid State Research Conference ESSDERC 88, Montpellier, France, Sept.13-16, 1988.)

J13

S.Cova, A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni, G.Ripamonti, T.A.Louis:

"20 ps timing resolution with single-photon avalanche diodes"

Rev.Sci.Instrum. 60, 1104-1110 (1989)

J14

A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni, S.Cova:

"Double epitaxy improves single-photon avalanche diode performance"

Electron.Lett. 25, 841-843, (1989)

J15

S.Cova, A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni, G.Ripamonti

"High accuracy picosecond characterization of gain-switched laser diodes"

Opt.Lett. 14, 1341-1343 (1989)

J16

S.Cova, G.Ripamonti:

"Picosecond syncronization on mode-locked laser pulses by double constant-fraction triggering"

Electron.Lett. 25, 11-12 (1989)

J17

A.Lacaita, M.Mastrapasqua, M.Ghioni and S.Vanoli

"Observation of avalanche propagation by multiplication assisted diffusion in p-n junction"

Appl.Phys.Lett. 57, 489-491 (1990)

J18

A.Lacaita, M.Mastrapasqua

"Strong  dependence of time resolution on detector diameter in single photon avalanche diodes"

Electron.Lett. 26, 2053-2054 (1990)

J19

T.A.Louis, G.Ripamonti, A.Lacaita

"Photoluminescence lifetime microscope spectrometer based on time-correlated single-photon counting with an avalanche diode detector"

Rev.Sci.Instrum. 61, 11-22 (1990)

J20

G.Ripamonti, M.Ghioni and S.Vanoli

"Photon-timing OTDR: a multiphoton backscattered pulse approach"

Electron. Lett. 26, 1569-1572 (1990)

J21

G.Ripamonti, M.Ghioni, A.Lacaita:

"No dead-space optical time-domain reflectometer"

IEEE Journ.Lightwave Techn. 8, 1278-1283 (1990)

J22

S.Cova, G.Ripamonti, A.Lacaita:

"New double constant-fraction trigger circuit for locking on laser pulse trains up to 100 MHz"

Rev.Sci.Instrum. 61, 1004-1009 (1990)

J23

M.Ghioni and G.Ripamonti

"Improving the performance of commercially-available Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes"

Rev.Sci.Instrum. 62, 163-167 (1991)

J24

G.Ripamonti, S.Cova, M.Ghioni, M.Mastrapasqua and S.Vanoli

"(PS)2: a new semiconductor device for Position-Sensitive Picosecond detection of Single optical photons"

Nucl.Instrum.Meth. A310, 184-188, (1991)

J25

S.Cova, A.Lacaita and G.Ripamonti:

"Trapping phenomena in avalanche photodiodes on nanosecond scale"

IEEE Electron.Dev.Lett. 12, 685-687, (1991)

J26

A.Lacaita:

"Why the effective temperature of the hot electron tail approaches the lattice temperature"

Appl.Phys.Lett. 59, 1623-1625 (1991).

J27

M.Ghioni, A. Lacaita, G. Ripamonti, and S. Cova:

"All-silicon avalanche photodiode sensitive at 1.3 micron with picosecond time resolution".

IEEE J.Quantum Electron., 28, 2678-2681 (1992)

J28

G.Ripamonti, M.Ghioni, S.Cova and M.Mastrapasqua:

"Propagating avalanche position-sensitive photon detector with resolution in the micron and picosecond range"

IEEE Electron.Dev.Lett. 13, 35-37, (1992)

J29

A.Lacaita, S. Cova, F. Zappa, G. Ripamonti, and P. Lovati:

"First demonstration of sub-nanosecond photon timing with a Germanium photodiode"

Microelectronic Engineering, 19, 61-66 (1992)

J30

G.Ripamonti, F.Zappa and S.Cova:

"Effects of trap levels in single-photon optical time-domain reflectometry: evaluation and correction"

IEEE J.Lightwave Technol. 10, 1398-1402 (1992)

J31

A.Lacaita

"Effective temperature of hot electrons: why it approaches the lattice temperature"

Semicond. Sci. Technol. 7, B590-B592 (1992)

J32

A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni, F.Zappa, G.Ripamonti, S.Cova:

"Recent advances in the detection of optical photons with silicon photodiodes"

Nucl.Instr. and Meth., A326, 290-294 (1993)

J33

A.Lacaita, S.Cova, M.Ghioni, and F.Zappa:

"Single Photon Avalanche Diodes with ultrafast pulse response free from slow tails",

IEEE Electron Device Lett. 14, n.7, 360-362 (1993)

J34

A.Lacaita, F.Zappa, S.Bigliardi, M.Manfredi:

"On the bremsstrahlung origin of hot-carrier-induced photons in silicon devices"

IEEE Transactions Electron.Dev., 40, 577-582 (1993)

J35

A.Lacaita, S.Cova, A.Spinelli, and F.Zappa:

"Photon-assisted avalanche spreading in reach-through photodiodes"

Appl. Phys. Lett., 62, 606-608 (1993)

J36

A. Lacaita, S.Cova, F.Zappa and P.A. Francese:

"Sub-nanosecond single-photon timing with commercially available Germanium photodiodes"

Opt. Lett., 18, 75-77 (1993)

J37

A.Lacaita, P.A.Francese, S.Cova, G.Ripamonti:

"Single-photon optical-time-domain reflectometer at 1-3mm with 5cm resolution and high sensivity"

Opt. Lett., 18, 1110-1112 (1993)

J38

A.Lacaita, P.A.Francese, F.Zappa, S.Cova:

"Single photon detection beyond 1 micron: performance of commercially available germanium photodiodes"

Appl. Opt. 33, 6902-6918 (1994)

J39

F.Zappa, A.Lacaita, S.Cova, P.Webb:

"Nanosecond single-photon timing with InGaAs/InP photodiodes"

Opt. Lett., 19, 846-848 (1994)

J40

A.Lacaita, S.Cova, C.Samori, M.Ghioni :

"Performance optimizationof active quenching circuits for picosecond timing with single-photon avalanche diodes"

Rev. Sci. Instrum., 66, 4289-4295 (1995)

J41

A. Lacaita, A.Spinelli, and S. Longhi:

"Avalanche transients in shallow p-n junctions biased above breakdown",

Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2627-2629 (1995)

J42

S.Villa, A.Lacaita, A.Pacelli:

"Photon emission from hot electrons in silicon"

Phys.Rev., B52 n.15, 10993-10998  (1995)

J43

S.Cova, M.Ghioni, A.Lacaita, C.Samori, F.Zappa:

"Avalanche photodiodes and quenching circuits for single photon -detection"

Appl. Optics., 35, 1956-1976 (1996)

J44

M.Ghioni, S.Cova, F.Zappa, C.Samori

"Compact active quenching circuit for fast photon counting with avalanche photodiodes"

Rev. Sci. Instrum., 67, 3440-3448 (1996)

J45

A. Spinelli, L. M. Davis, H. Dautet:

Actively-quenched single photon avalanche diode for high repetition rate time-gated photon counting"

Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 55-61 (1996)

J46

F.Zappa, A.Lacaita, S.Cova, P.Lovati:

"Counting, timing and tracking with a single-photon germanium detector"

Optics Letters, 21, 59-61 (1996)

J47

A.Lacaita, F.Zappa, S.Cova, P.Lovati:

"Single-photon detection beyond 1µm: performance of commercially available InGaAs/InP detectors"

Appl. Opt., 35, 2986-2996 (1996)

J48

F.Zappa, A.Lacaita, S.Cova, P.Lovati:

"Solid-state single-photon detectors "

Opt. Eng., 35,.938-945 (1996)

J49

G.S. Buller, S. J. Fancey, J. S. Massa, A. C. Walker, S. Cova, and A. Lacaita:

"Time-Resolved Photoluminescence Measurements of InGaAs/InP Multiple Quantum Well Structures at 1.3mm wavelenghts by use of Germaniun Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes",

Appl. Opt. 35, 916-921 (1996)

J50

A.Spinelli, A.Lacaita:

"Mean gain of avalanche photodiodes in a dead space model"

IEEE Trans. Electr.Dev., 43, 23-30 (1996)

J51

A.Spinelli, A.Pacelli, A.Lacaita:

Dead space approximation for impact ionization in silicon

Appl.Phys.Lett., 69, 3707-3709, (1996)

J52

A. Pacelli and A. Lacaita,

“On the shape of hot-carrier tails in nonlocal transport'',

Semicond. Sci. and Technol., 11, 1642-1645 (1996)

J53

M.Ghioni, F.Zappa, V.Kesan, J.Warnock

"A VLSI-compatible high-speed silicon photodetector for optical data link applications"

IEEE Trans. on Elec. Dev., 43, 1054-1060 (1996)

J54

A. Spinelli, A. L. Lacaita

"Physics and Numerical Simulation of Single Photon Avalanche Diodes"

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 44, 1931-1943 (1997)

J55

F. Zappa, A. Lacaita, and C. Samori

"Characterisation and modeling of Metal-Resistance-Semiconductor Photodetectors"

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44 (3), 957-960 (1997)

J56

F. Zappa, A. Lacaita, and C. Samori

"Impact of local negative feedback on the performance of M-R-S photodetectors"

IEEE Trans. on Electron Dev, 45, 91-97 (1998)

J57

A. Spinelli, M. Ghioni, S. Cova and L.M. Davis

"Avalanche detector with ultraclean response for time-resolved photon counting"

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , QE-34, 817-821 (1998)

J58

J.S. Massa, G.S. Buller, A.C. Walker, S. Cova, M. Umasuthan, and A.M. Wallace

Time-of-flight optical ranging system based on time-correlated single-photon counting

Appl. Opt., 37, 7298-7304 (1998)

J59

A. Pacelli, A.S. Spinelli, A.L. Lacaita:

"Impact ionization in silicon: a microscipic view"

J. Appl. Phys. 83 n.9, 4760-1764 (1998)

J60

Zappa F.,Ghioni M.,Cova S.,Samori C.,Giudice A. C.

An Integrated Active-Quenching Circuit for Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes

IEEE Trans. Instrum. and Measurements, 49, 6, 1167 -1175 (2000)

J61

Pellegrini S.,Buller G.S.,Smith J.M., Wallace A. M., Cova S.

“Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting”

Meas. Sci. Tech., 11, 712-716 (2000)

J62

A. Zanchi,F. Zappa, M. Ghioni

A probe detector for defectivity assessment in p-n junctions

IEEE Trans. El. Dev., 47, 3, 609 -616 (2000)

J63

Zappa F.,Ghioni M.,Zappa R.,Drodofski U.

High-sensitivity photodetectors with on-chip pinhole for laser scanning microscopy

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 47, 1472 -1476 (2000)

J64

F. Stellari, F. Zappa and S. Cova:

Tools for Contactless Testing and Simulation of CMOS Circuits

Microelectronics Reliability, 41, 1801-1808 (2001)

J65

Stellari F., Zappa F., Cova S., Porta C., Tsang J.C.,

"High-Speed CMOS Circuit Testing by 50ps Time-Resolved Luminescence Measurements"

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 48, 2830-2835 (2001)

J66

Ghioni M., Cova S., Rech I., Zappa F.

"Monolithic Dual-Detector for Photon-Correlation Spectroscopy With Wide Dynamic Range and 70-ps Resolution"

IEEE  J.Quantum El. , QE-37, 1588-1593 (2001)

J67

E. Sciacca, S. Lombardo, D. Patti, M. Ghioni, F. Zappa, E. Rimini, S. Cova

Silicon p–n junctions biased above breakdown used as monitors of carrier lifetime

Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 4, 159–161 (2001)

J68

F. Zappa, A. Lotito, A. C. Giudice, S. Cova, and M. Ghioni

"Monolithic active-quenching and active-reset circuit for single-photon avalanche detectors"

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 38, 1298-1301 (2003)

J69

M. Ghioni, A. Giudice, S. Cova, and F. Zappa

High-Rate Quantum Key Distribution at Short Wavelength: Performance Analysis and Evaluation of Silicon Single Photon Avalanche Diodes

Journal of Modern Optics, 50, 2251-2269 (2003)

J70

E. Sciacca, A. Giudice, D. Sanfilippo, F. Zappa, S. Lombardo, R. Consentino, C. Di Franco, M. Ghioni, G. Fallica,G. Bonanno, S. Cova, and E. Rimini

"Silicon planar technology for single-photon optical detectors"

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 50, 918-925 (2003)

J71

A. Tosi, F. Stellari, F. Zappa, and S. Cova

 Backside Flip-Chip testing by means of high-bandwidth luminescence detection

Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 43, issue 9-11, 1169-1674 (2003)

J72

M.Mondani, D.Radaelli, A.Spinelli, A,Androni, G.Roberti, Riccio, R.Liuzzi,Ivan Rech

Photon time-of-flight distribution through turbid media directly measured with single-photon avalanche diodes

Journal of the Optical Society of America (JOSA) – BJOSA B, 20, 2383-2388 (2003)

J73

M. Cretich, M. Chiari, I. Rech, S. Cova

 Use of ultra-large polyacrylamides as dilute matrices for microchip dna fragment separation

Electrophoresis, 24,3793-3799 (2003)

J74

H. Yang, G. Luo, P. Karnchanaphanurach, Tai-Man Louie; I. Rech, S. Cova, L. Xun, X.S. Xie,

"Protein conformational dynamics probed by single-molecule electron transfer"

Science, vol. 302, 262-266 (2003)

J75

S. Cova, M. Ghioni, A. Lotito, I. Rech, and F. Zappa

Evolution and prospects for single-photon avalanche diodes and quenching circuits

Journal of Modern Optics, vol. 51, 1267-1288 (2004)

J76

I. Rech, S. Cova, F. Zappa, M. Ghioni, M. Chiari, M. Cretich

Microelectronic photosensors for genetic diagnostic microsystems

Journal of Sensors and Actuators – B ,100, 158-162 (2004)

J77

F. Stellari, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, and S. Cova

CMOS Circuit Testing via Time-Resolved Luminescence Measurements and Simulations

IEEE Transactions on Instrum. and Measurements, vol. 53, 163-169 (2004)

J78

I.Rech, G. Luo, M. Ghioni, H. Yang, X.S. Xie, S. Cova

Photon-Timing Detector Module for Single-Molecule Spectroscopy With 60-ps Resolution

IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10, 788-795 (2004)

J79

A. Tosi, F. Stellari, and F. Zappa

"Current crowding in faulty MOSFET: optical and electrical investigation"

Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 44, issue 9-11, 1577-1581 (2004)

J80

A. Tosi, M. Remmach, R. Desplats, F. Zappa, P. Perdu

"Implementation of TRE systems into Emission Microscopes"

Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 44, issue 9-11, 1529-1534 (2004)

J81

F. Zappa, A. Lotito, and S. Tisa

Photon-Counting chip for Avalanche Detectors

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 17, no. 1, January 2005, 184-186

J82

F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, P. Maccagnani, S. Tisa, and S. Cova

SPADA: Single-Photon Avalanche Diode Arrays

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 17, no. 3, March 2005, 657-659.

J83

F. Zappa, S. Tisa, S. Cova, P. Maccagnani, D. Bonaccini, G. Bonanno, M. Belluso, R. Saletti, and R. Roncella

“Single-Photon Avalanche Diode Arrays for Fast Transients and Adaptive Optics”

IEEE Trans. On Instrumentation and Measurements, in press, 2006.

J84

F. Zappa, S. Tisa, A. Gulinatti, A. Gallivanoni, and S. Cova

Complete Single Photon Counting and Timing Module in a Microchip

Optics Letters, 30, June 2005.

J85

A. Gulinatti, P. Maccagnani, I. Rech, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova

35 ps time resolution at room temperature with large area single photon avalanche diodes

Electronics Letters, vol. 41, no. 5, March 2005.

J86

F. Zappa, S. Tisa, P. Maccagnani, R. Saletti, R. Roncella, and S. Cova

Single-Photon Imaging at 20,000 frame/s

Optics Letters, vol. 30, no. 22, November 2005, 3024-3026.

 

 

 

 

               

Proceedings of International CONFERENCES

 

C1

P.Antognetti, S.Cova and A.Longoni:

"A study of the operation and performances of an avalanche diode as a single photon detector"

pp.453-456, Euratom Publication EUR 5370e (1975), Proc. 2nd Ispra Nuclear Electronics Symposium, Stresa May 20-23, 1975

C2

S.Cova,A.Longoni and A.Andreoni:

"Avalanche Photodiodes for Single-Photon Detection"

pp.82-91 in Proc. 9th International Symposium on Photon Detectors, Visegrad, Hungary, Sept.9-12, 1980, ed.by J.Schanda, IMEKO-TC2, Budapest

C3

S.Cova, A.Longoni and G.Ripamonti:

"Physical Phenomena and Performance of Avalanche Photodiodes for Single-Photon Detection"

pp. 15-16 in ESSDERC 1982, Proc. 12th. European Solid State Device Research Conference, September 13-16, 1982, Muenchen, W.Germany

C4

S.Cova, A.Longoni and G.Ripamonti:

"Progress in Single-Photon Counting and Timing by Avalanche Photodiodes"

pp. 14-23 in Proc. 10th International Symposium on Photon Detectors, Berlin, W. Germany, Sept 20-22, 1982, ed. by J.Schanda, IMEKO-TC2, Budapest, (ISBN 963 5922469)

C5

S.Cova and G.Ripamonti:

"Performance studies of single-photon avalanche diodes (SPAD's)"

pp. 60-65 in Proc. 11th International Symposium on Photon Detectors, Weimar, E. Germany, Sept 11-13, 1984, ed. by J.Schanda, IMEKO-TC2, Budapest, (ISBN 9635923829)

C6

S.Cova, G.Ripamonti, A.Lacaita and G.Soncini:

"Probe device detecting single carriers: a new method for deep level characterization with nanosecond resolution"

pp. 310-313 in IEDM 85, IEEE Catalog Number 85 CH 2252-5, IEEE Publishing Services, New York (1985), Technical Digest of IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting 1985, Washington DC, Dec.1-4, 1985

C7

G.Ripamonti and S.Cova:

"Centimeter-resolution optical time-domain reflectometry using single-photon avalanche diodes"

p. 288 in CLEO 86, IEEE Catalog Number 86CH2274-9 (ISBN Number 0-936659-09-02), Digest of Technical Papers, OSA-IEEE Int. Conference on Laser and ElectroOptics CLEO 86, S.Francisco, California, USA, June 9-13, 1986

C8

S.Cova, G.Ripamonti, A.Lacaita:

"Solid-state photon detectors for optical fiber testing and laser ranging"

pp. 166-168 in CLEO 87, IEEE Catalog Number 87CH2390-3 (ISBN Number 0-936659-69-6), Digest of Technical Papers, OSA-IEEE Int. Conference on Laser and ElectroOptics CLEO 87, Baltimore MD, USA, April 26- May 1, 1987

C9

M.Ghioni, S.Cova, A.Lacaita, G.Ripamonti:

"Epitaxial silicon single photon detector with reduced carrier diffusion effects and picosecond resolution"

pp. 452-455 in IEDM 87, IEEE Catalog Number 87 CH 2515.5, IEEE Publishing Services, New York (1987), Technical Digest of IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting 1987, Washington DC, Dec. 6-9, 1987

C10

S.Cova, G.Ripamonti, A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni, :

"Epitaxial silicon avalanche photodiodes for single-photon detection with picosecond resolution"

pp.511-514 in Solid State Devices, ed. by G.Soncini and P.Calzolari, Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North Holland) Amsterdam 1988.

(and pp.1077-1080 in ESSDERC 1987,Technical Digest of 17th European Solid-State Devices Research Conference, Bologna, Italy, Sept. 14-17, 1987)

C11

M.Ghioni, A.Lacaita, S.Cova, G.Ripamonti

"20 picosecond resolution single-photon solid-state detector"

pp.194-200 in Vol.4 of the OSA Proceedings Series “Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics”, ed by T.C.Sollner and D.M.Bloom, Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1989

C12

G.Ripamonti, S.Cova, M.Ghioni, M.Mastrapasqua and F.Giannetta

"New position-sensitive avalanche photodiode with single photon sensitivity and picosecond resolution"

pp.633-636 in IEDM 90, IEEE Catalog Number 90CH2865-4, IEEE Publishing Services, New York (1990), Technical Digest of IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, S.Francisco CA, Dec.9-12, 1990

C13

G.Ripamonti, M.Ghioni, A.Lacaita, S.Cova:

"No dead-space optical time-domain reflectometer"

p.83 in Digest of the 1990 Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, Technical Digest Series, vol.1, Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1990

C14

M.Ghioni, G.Ripamonti, S.Vanoli and S.Pitassi

"Multiphoton pulse approach in photon-timing OTDR yields enhanced dynamic range and shorter measurement time"

pp.39-42 in Technical Digest-Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder (CO), Sept 11-12, 1990,

G.W.Day and D.L.Franzen eds.  (U.S. Dept of Commerce) (1990)

C15

A.Lacaita, S.Cova, G.Ripamonti, M.Ghioni:

"Single photon timing at picosecond resolution with silicon detectors"

pp. 269-275 in Laser Ranging Instrumentation 90, ed.by C.Veillet, OCA/CERGA, Grasse, France (1990), Proc. 7th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Matera, Italy Oct. 2-6, 1989

C16

S.Cova, M.Ghioni, A.Lacaita, G.Ripamonti:

"Avalanche photodiodes optimized for single-photon detection"

pp. 201-208 in Laser Ranging Instrumentation 90, ed.by C.Veillet, OCA/CERGA, Grasse, France (1990), Proc. 7th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Matera, Italy Oct. 2-6, 1989

C17

G.Ripamonti, F.Zappa and S.Cova:

"Correction of OTDR data for photodetector trapping phenomena"

pp. 49-52 in Proc. Opt. Fibre Measurement Conference, Sept 17-18,1991, York, UK

C18

S.Cova, A. Lacaita, and G. Ripamonti:

"Performance optimization of detector electronics for millimeter laser ranging",

pp. 1-18 / 5 in Laser Ranging Instrumentation 92, ed. by J.J.Degnan, NASA Conference Publication 3214 (1992), Proc. 8th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Annapolis, MD, May 18-22, 1992

C19

A.Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Cova, G. Ripamonti and A. Spinelli:

"How to squeeze high quantum efficiency and high time resolution out of a SPAD"

pp. 19-24 / 5 in Laser Ranging Instrumentation 92, ed. by J.J.Degnan, NASA Conference Publication 3214 (1992), invited paper, Proc. 8th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Annapolis, MD, May 18-22, 1992

C20

F.Zappa, G. Ripamonti, A. Lacaita, S. Cova, and C. Samori:

"Tracking capabilities of SPADs for laser ranging"

pp. 25-30 / 5 in Laser Ranging Instrumentation 92, ed. by J.J.Degnan, NASA Conference Publication 3214 (1992), Proc. 8th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Annapolis, MD, May 18-22, 1992

C21

G.Ripamonti and A. Lacaita:

"Single-photon semiconductor photodiodes for distributed optical fiber sensors: state of the art and perspectives", pp.38-49 in SPIE Vol.1797, Distributed and Multiplexed Fiber Optic Sensors II, (1993) ,

Proc. SPIE 2nd International Symposium on Fiber Optic Sensors, Boston, MA, Sept. 8-11, 1992

C22

A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni, S.Cova, F.Zappa:

"Ultrafast single-photon avalanche diodes without slow tails in the pulse response"

Proc.51th Device Research Conference, S.Barbara, CA, USA, June 21-23 (1993)

IEEE Trans.on Electron.Dev., 40, 2145 (1993)

C23

C.Samori, A.Lacaita, P.A.Francese, S.Cova, P.Webb:

"First demonstration of nanosecond photon timing in the near-infrared with InGaAs/In Pdetectors"

pp.851-854 in ESSDERC 93, J. Borel et al.eds., Editions Frontieres, France, ISBN 2-86332135-8,

Proc. of the 23th European Solid State Device Research Conference, Grenoble, France, Sept.13-16, 1993

C24

V.Russo, R.Ramponi, A Lazzaretti, G.Capodivacca, S.Cova, A.Lacaita, P.Lovati:

"Waveguide loss measurements through non-conventional time-corelated single-photon counting OTDR"

pp.27-28 in EOS Annual Meeting Digest Series, Vol.3 - Proc. European Optical Society Annual Meeting, Zaragoza, Spain, 6-9 July 1993

C25

G.Ripamonti, C.Riva, A.Castoldi

"Optimum performance and acquisition methods for single-photon optical time-domain reflectometry"

pp. 33-36 in Proc. of the "2nd Optical Fibre Measurement Conference", Torino, Italy, Sept. 21-22, 1993

C26

L.Carbone, R. Brunetti, C.Jacoboni, A.Lacaita, M.Fischetti:

"Polarization analysis of hot carrier light emission in Si"

8th Int.Conf. on Hot Carriers in Semiconductors, Oxford U.K. aug.16-20, 1993

C27

A.Lacaita, F.Zappa and S.Cova

"Performance of Germanium and III-V avalanche photodiodes in the detection of single-photons in the near infrared"

pp. 457-460 in "Applications of Photonic Technology", ed. by G.A. Lampropoulos, J. Chrostowski and R.M. Measures, Plenum Press, New York and London 1995 - ISBN 0-306-45011-9

(Proc. ICAPT94 Int.Conf. on Applications of Photonic Technology, Toronto, Canada, June 21-23, 1994)

C28

A.Lacaita, S.Longhi and A.Spinelli

"Limits to the timing performance of single photon avalanche diodes"

pp. 461-466 in "Applications of Photonic Technology", G.A. Lampropoulos, J. Chrostowski and R.M. Measures ed.s, Plenum Press, New York and London 1995 - ISBN 0-306-45011-9

(Proc. ICAPT94 Int.Conf. on Applications of Photonic Technology, Toronto, Canada, June 21-23, 1994)

C29

S.Cova, M.Ghioni and C.Samori

"Detector electronics for picosecond photon timing measurements"

pp. 101-106, Vol.1, Proc. of XIII IMEKO World Congress, Torino, Italy, Sept. 5-9, 1994

C30

A.Lacaita and F.Zappa

"Germanium avalanche photodiodes for the detection of single photons in the near infrared"

pp. 95-100, Vol.1, Proc. of XIII IMEKO World Congress, Torino, Italy, Sept. 5-9, 1994

C31

S.Cova, A.Lacaita, P.Lovati, F.Zappa:

"Performance of near-infrared single-photon detectors in laser ranging measurements"

pp. 475-482, Vol. 2, in Laser Ranging Instrumentation 94, ed. by J. McK. Luck,

Australian Government Publication Service (1994) - ISBN 0 644 47427 0

Proc. 9th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Canberra, Australia, Nov. 7-11, 1994

C32

S.Cova, M.Ghioni, C.Samori, M.Locatelli, D. Bonaccini

"Circuits for exploiting the time resolution of available high-quantum-efficiency high-voltage SPAD"

pp. 460-468, Vol. 2, in Laser Ranging Instrumentation 94, ed. by J. McK. Luck,

Australian Government Publication Service (1994) - ISBN 0 644 47427 0

Proc. 9th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Canberra, Australia, Nov. 7-11, 1994

C33

D.Bonaccini, S.Cova, M.Ghioni, R.Gheser, S.Esposito, G.Brusa:

"Novel Avalanche Photodiode for Adaptive Optics"

pp. 650-657 in Adaptive optics in astronomy , SPIE vol.2201, ed. by M.Ealey and F.Merkle, (1994)

C34

S.Cova, A:Lacaita, F.Zappa, P.Lovati:

"Avalanche photodiodes for near-infrared photon counting"

pp.56-66 in Advances in Fluorescence sensing Technology II, ed. by J.Lakowicz,

Proc. SPIE Vol. 2388, paper 09, SPIE Conf. Photonics West, San Jose, CA, USA, Febr 6-7, 1995

C35

A.Lacaita, P.Lovati, S.Cova, F.Zappa, D.Grubisic:

"Germanium quad-cell for single photon detection in the near infrared"

pp. 274-283 in Photodetectors and Power Meters II, ed. By K. Muray and K.J. Kaufmann

Proc. SPIE Vol.2550, paper 16, SPIE Conf. Photodetectors and Power Meters, San Diego, CA, USA, July 9-14, 1995

C36

D.Bonaccini, M. Ghioni, F. Zappa, S. Cova and R. Gheser

"Development of high QE, fast avalanche photodiodes for astronomical Adaptive Optics"

Proc. Topical Meeting on Adaptive Optics, Garching, Germany, Oct. 2-6, 1995

C37

A.Spinelli, L.M.Davis, H.Dautet:

“Single photon avalanche diode for high count rate applications”

Proc. Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, Sept. 10-15 (1995)

C38

F.Zappa, P.Lovati, A.Lacaita:

Temperature dependence of electron and hole ionization coefficents in InP

Proc. IPRM’ 96, Indium Phosphyde and related materials,

Schwabisch Gmund, Germany, April 21-25, 1996

C39

A. P. Morrison, V. S. Sinnis, A. Mathewson, F. Zappa, L. Varisco, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova

"Single photon avalanche detectors for low light level imaging."

Proceeding International Symposium on Optical Science '97, Engineering and Instrumentation, San Diego, California, July 27-31, 1997, and SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3114, Paper 30

C40

F.Zappa, M.Ghioni, S.Cova, L.Varisco, B.Sinnis, A.Morrison, A.Mathewson

"Integrated array of avalanche photodiodes for single photon counting"

Proceedings ESSDERC '97, 22-24 Settembre 1997, Stuttgart, Germania, pp.600-603

C41

A. P. Morrison, V. S. Sinnis, L. Varisco, F. Zappa, and M. Ghioni

"Single photon avalanche detectors for fluorescence imaging applications"

Proceeding EnviroSense '97, Munich, Germany, Conference on Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Sensors IX. June 16-20, 1997, and SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3105, Paper 28

C42

D.Bonaccini, D.Gallieni , R.Biasi , F.Gori , M.Ghioni , C.Trottier and N.Hubin

S.T.R.A.P. for the VLT Instruments

Proc. SPIE Vol. 3126, p. 580-588, Adaptive Optics and Applications; Robert K. Tyson, Robert Q. Fugate; Eds., 1997

C43

F.Zappa, M.Ghioni, S.Cova, A.Schnetz, U.Drodofsky:

Innovative Detectors for Ultra-high Sensitivity Laser Scanning Microscopy

Proceedings ESSDERC '99, Leuven, Belgium, 13-15 Sep. 1999, pp.312-315

C44

F.Stellari, F.Zappa, S.Cova, L.Vendrame:

Non-Invasive Optical Characterization Technique for fast switching CMOS Circuits

Proceedings ESSDERC '99, Leuven, Belgium, 13-15 Sep. 1999, pp.172-175

C45

F.Stellari, F.Zappa, S.Cova, L.Vendrame:

Tools for Non-Invasive Optical Characterization of CMOS Circuits

IEDM Tech. Digest – Internat. Electron Devices Meeting. 487-490, Washington, DC, USA, 5-8 Dec. 1999

C46

Zanchi A., Zappa F., Ghioni M., Giudice A. C., Morrison A., Sinnis V.

Probe detectors for mapping manufacturing defects

ICCDCS 2000, Third Int. Caracas Conf. on Devices, Circuits, and Systems, Cancun (Mexico), March 15-17, 2000, pp., I14/1 -I14/4, 2000

C47

Zappa R., Zappa F., Ghioni M., Drodofski U.

Hot-carrier luminescence measurements by means of Laser Scanning Microscopy

ICCDCS 2000, Third Int. Caracas Conf. on Devices, Circuits, and Systems, Cancun (Mexico), March 15-17, 2000, pp.I37/1 -I37/5, 2000

C48

Zanchi A., Zappa F., Ghioni M., Morrison A.

On-chip Probes for Silicon Defectivity Ranking and Mapping

IRPS 2000, Int. Reliability Physics Symp., San Jose (USA), April 10-13, 2000, pp.370 -376, 2000

C49

Sciacca E., Lombardo S., Patti D., Ghioni M., Zappa F., Rimini E., S.Cova

Silicon p-n junctions biased above breakdown used as monitors of carrier lifetime

EMRSC, European Materials Research Society Conf. Strasbourg (France), May 30 - June 2, 2000, 5, 2000

C50

S.Cova, C.Porta, F.Stellari, F.Zappa, J.C.Tsang:

Testing CMOS circuits at 50ps resolution with single-photon avalanche diodes

Poster at 30th ESSDERC 2000, Cork, Ireland, 12-14 Sept: 2000

C51

Cova S., Zappa F., Chiari M., Cretich M., Ghioni L., Grillo P., Nannini A., Piotto M.,

"Towards ultrasensitive LIF microdetectors using low-cost planar-technology single photon avalanche photodiodes SPADS"

Proc. HPCE2001 - 14th International Symposium on Microscale Separations and Analysis, Boston, USA (2001)

C52

E. Sciacca , S. Lombardo, D. Patti, D. Sanfilippo, C. Difranco  and M. Ghioni

“Ultra Low Level Ion Implantation Damage Detected by p-n Junctions Biased aboveBreakdown”

Proceedings of "Gettering and  Defect Engineering in Semiconductor Technology" (GADEST 2001), 30 September – 4 October 2001, Catania, Italy

C53

F. Zappa, A. Giudice, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova

"Fully-Integrated Active-Quenching Circuit for Single-Photon Detection"

Proc. ESSCIRC ’02, European Solid-State Circuit Conference, 24-26 Sept. 2002, Florence (Italy), 355-358

C54

F. Stellari, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, and S. Cova

"CMOS circuit analysis with luminescence measurements and simulations "

Proc. ESSDERC ’02, European Solid-State Device Research Conference, 24-26 Sept. 2002, Florence, Italy, 495-498

C55

S. Cova, F Zappa, M. Ghioni, I. Rech, M. Chiari, M. Cretich,

“Microelectronic single-photon detectors for microchip electrophoresis”

Proc. HPCE 2002, 15th International Symposium on Microscale Separation and Analysis, Stockholm (Sweden), April 13-18, 2002

C56

Tosi, F. Stellari, F. Zappa, and S. Cova,

Hot-carrier luminescence: comparison of different CMOS technologies

Proc. ESSDERC ’03, 33rd Conference on. European Solid-State Device Research, 2003, Sept. 16-18, 2003, 351-354.

C57

A.C. Giudice, M. Ghioni, S. Cova and F. Zappa,

A process and deep level evaluation tool: afterpulsing in avalanche junctions

Proc. ESSDERC ’03, 33rd Conference on. European Solid-State Device Research, 2003, Sept. 16-18, 2003

C58

Rech, S. Cova, F. Zappa, M. Ghioni, M. Chiari, M. Cretich,

Ultrasensitive compact system for chip electrophoresis with low-cost single photon avalanche detectors

HPCE 2003,16th International Symposium on Microscale Separation and Analysis, S.Diego, CA (USA), January 17-22, 2003.

C59

I.Rech, S. Cova, F. Zappa, M. Ghioni, M. Chiari, M. Cretich,

“Microelectronic photosensors for genetic diagnostic microsystems”

Proceedings ot the European Material Research Society Spring Meeting (E-MRS 2003), Strasbourg (France), June 10-13, 2003.

C60

A. Tosi, F. Stellari, F. Zappa, and S. Cova

 Backside Flip-Chip testing by means of high-bandwidth luminescence detection

Proc. ESREF ’03, European Symposium on Reliability of Electron devices, Failure Physics and Analysis, Bordeaux (France), Oct 6-10, 2003.

C61

F. Zappa, S. Tisa, P. Maccagnani, D. Bonaccini, G. Bonanno, R. Saletti

"Pushing Technologies: Single Photon Avalanche Diode Arrays"

Proc. SPIE Vol. 5490, p. 1200-1210, Advancements in Adaptive Optics; Domenico Bonaccini Calia, Brent L. Ellerbroek, Roberto Ragazzoni; Eds, 2004.

C62

D. Bonaccini, R. Myers, F. Zappa, G. Lowe, T. Morris

"CALDO: Cone-effect free Adaptive Optics Laser-Guide Star Demonstrator for Owl"

Proc. SPIE International Symposium on Astronomical Telescopes, Vol. 5490, Advancements in Adaptive Optics, Domenico Bonaccini Calia, Brent L. Ellerbroek, Roberto Ragazzoni, Editors, October 2004, pp. 1315-1326, conference held on 21-25 June 2004, Glasgow, (UK).

C63

E. Sciacca, A.C. Giudice, D. Sanfilippo, S. Lombardo, F. Zappa, R. Cosentino, M.C. Mazzillo, M. Ghioni, G. Fallica, M. Belluso, G. Bonanno, S. Cova, E. Rimini

Silicon planar technology for single-photon optical detectors

Proc. SPIE Vol. 5459, p. 227-236, Optical Sensing; Brian Culshaw, Anna G. Mignani, Rainer Riesenberg; Eds., 2004.

C64

F. Zappa, S. Tisa, A. Gulinatti, A. Gallivanoni, and S. Cova

Monolithic CMOS Detector Module for Photon Counting and Picosecond Timing

Proc. ESSDERC ’04, 34th European Solid-State Device Research Conference, 2004, Sept. 21-23, Leuven (Belgium), 341-344.

C65

A. Tosi, F. Stellari, and F. Zappa

Innovative packaging technique for Backside optical testing of wire-bonded chips

Proc. ESREF ’05, European Symposium on Reliability of Electron devices, Failure Physics and Analysis, Arcachon (France), Oct. 10-14, 2005.

C66

S. Tisa, A. Lotito, A. Giudice and F. Zappa

Monolithic Time-to-Digital Converter with 20ps resolution

Proc. ESSCIRC ’03, 33rd European Solid-State Circuit Conference, Sept. 16-18, 2003.

C67

A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, P. Maccagnani, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova, “Large-area avalanche diodes for picosecond time-correlated photon counting”, Proc. ESSDERC ’05, 35rd European Solid-State Device Research Conference, Grenoble (France), Sept. 12-15, 2005.

C68

S. Tisa, F. Zappa, and I. Labanca

“On-chip Detection and Counting of Single-Photons”

Proc. IEDM ’05, International Electron Device Meeting, Washington DC (USA), 5-7 Dec., 2005, in press.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patents

 

PA1

S.Cova

“Active quenching circuit for avalanche photodiodes”,

U.S. Patent No. 4,963,727, Date 16 October 1990,

Italian Patent 22367 A/88 filed October 20, 1988

PA2

S.Cova, A.Lacaita, M.Ghioni

"Fotodiodo con soppressione degli effetti legati alla raccolta per diffusione di portatori di carica fotogenerati", Italian Patent MI92A 002310 filed October 7, 1992

PA3

S.Cova, M.Ghioni, F.Zappa

Circuit for high precision detection of the time of arrival of photons falling on single photon avalanche diodes"

US patent No. 6,384,663 B2, date May 7, 2002 (priority date March 9, 2000)

European patent application n. 01200851.2-2217, filed March 6, 2001,

Italian Patent MI2000 A 000467, filed March 9, 2000

PA4

F.Zappa, S.Cova, M.Ghioni

Monolithic circuit of active quenching and active reset for avalanche photodiodes

US patent 6,541,752 B2, date April 1,2003 (priority date March 9, 2000)

European patent application n. 01200852.2-2217, filed March 6, 2001,

Italian Patent MI2000 A 000466, filed March 9, 2000

PA5

S.Cova, F.Zappa, M.Ghioni, R.Grub, E.Derndinger, T.Hartmann

High sensitivity photodetector device with integrated micrometric diaphragm for confocal microscopes”,

US patent application n. 10/257,071 filed Oct. 9, 2002

European patent application n. 01927893.6 filed Oct. 31, 2002

International application number  PCT/EP 01/04008, filed April 9, 2001

Italian Patent MI2000 A 000765, filed April 10, 2000

 

 

 

 

 

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